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Faculty Scholarship on Racial Disparities in the United States

Art and Art History

Kirschke, AmyAaron Douglas: Art, Race, and the Harlem Renaissance. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1995.

Kirschke, AmyArt in Crisis: W.E.B. DuBois and the Struggle for African American Identity and Memory. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2007.

Kirschke, Amy. “The Burden of Black Womanhood: Aaron Douglas and the ‘Apogée of Beauty’.” American Studies 49, no. 1/2 (Spring/Summer 2008): 97-105.

Kirschke, AmyProtest and Propaganda: W.E.B. DuBois, the Crisis, and American History. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2019.

Kirschke, Amy, ed. Women Artists of the Harlem Renaissance. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2014.


Alexander, William L. and Magdalena Fernandez. “Immigration Policing and Medical Care for Farmworkers: Uncertainties and Anxieties in the East Coast Migrant Stream.” North American Dialogue 17, no. 1 (2014): 13-30.

Howells, Michaela E., Richard Pond, Jr., et al. “Maternal Marital Status Predicts Self-Reported Stress Among Pregnant Women Following Hurricane Florence.” American Journal of Human Biology (2020).

Creative Writing

Gerard, PhilipCape Fear Rising. Winston-Salem, NC: John F. Blair, 1994.

Gerard, PhilipThe Last Battleground: The Civil War Comes to North Carolina. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2020.


Boren, Mark Edelman. “A Fiery Furnace and a Sugar Train: Metaphors that Challenge the Legacy of Phillis Wheatley’s ‘On Being Brought from Africa to America.’” CEA Critic 67, no. 1: 38-56.

Boren, Mark Edelman. “Slipping the Shackles of Subjectivity: The Narrator as Runaway in Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl.” Genre 34, no. 1-2 (2001): 33-62.

Boren, Mark EdelmanStudent Resistance: A History of the Unruly Subject. New York: Routledge, 2019.

Boren, Mark EdelmanSugar, Slavery, Christianity and the Making of Race. Pompano Beach, FL: Caribbean Studies Press, 2013.

Butler, Maia. “The Exigency of the Floating Homeland and Engaging Postnationalisms in the Classroom: Approaches to Teaching Edwidge Danticat’s Create Dangerously: The Immigrant Artist at Work.” In Critical Approaches to Teaching Edwidge Danticat, edited by Joseph Celucien, et al.

Feifer, Megan, and Maia Butler. “Edwidge Danticat’s Elegiac Project: A Transnational Historiography of U.S. Imperialist State Violence.” In Revisiting the Elegy in the Black Lives Matter Era, edited by Tiffany Austin, et al. New York: Routledge, 2020.

Film Studies

Great, Artel. “Bring the Payne: The Crisis of the Black Sitcom and the Emergence of Tyler Perry.” In From Medea to Media Mogul: Theorizing Tyler Perry, edited by TreaAndrea M. Russworm, Samantha N. Sheppard, and Karen M. Bowdre. Jackson: University of Mississippi Press, 2016.


Harris, Glen Anthony. “How Does It Feel to Be a Problem? Reflections on the Trayvon Martin Case and the American Idea.” In The Trayvon Martin in US: An American Tragedy, edited by Emmanuel Harris II and Antonio D. Tillis, 159-166. New York: Peter Lang, 2015.

International Studies

Gibson, Dawn-Marie, and Herbert Berg, eds. New Perspectives on the Nation of Islam. London: Taylor & Francis Group, 2017.

Morris, Julia. “Power, Capital, and Immigration Detention Rights: Making Networked Markets in Global Detention Governance at UNHCR.” Global Networks 17, no. 3 (2017): 400-422.

Morris, Julia. “Refugee Economies: Violence and Extraction Of A Human Commodity.” Society + Space

Morris, Julia. “Violence and Extraction of a Human Commodity: From Phosphate to Refugees in the Republic of Nauru.” The Extractive Industries and Society 6, no. 4 (November 2019): 1122-1133.

Philosophy and Religion

Brummitt, Jamie L. “Black Muslims, White Jesus: Removing Racial Images of God with CRAID and W. D. Muhammad.” In New Perspectives on the Nation of Islam, edited by Dawn-Marie Gibson and Herbert Berg, 190-217. London: Taylor & Francis Group, 2017.

Burgh, Theodore W. “Why Did Zimmerman Get Out of His Car?” In The Trayvon Martin in US: An American Tragedy, edited by Emmanuel Harris II and Antonio D. Tillis, 23-28. New York: Peter Lang, 2015.


Howells, Michaela E., Richard Pond, Jr., et al. “Maternal Marital Status Predicts Self-Reported Stress Among Pregnant Women Following Hurricane Florence.” American Journal of Human Biology (2020).

Judd, Tedd,…Antonio E. Puente, et al. “Professional Considerations for Improving the Neuropsychological Evaluation of Hispanics: A National Academic of Neuropsychology Education Paper.” Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology 24, no. 2 (March 2009): 127-135.

Maldonado-Molina, Mildred M., Nenetzin A. Reyes, and Graciela Espinosa-Hernández. “Prevention Research and Latino Families: Resources for Researchers and Practitioners.” Family Relations 55 (July 2006): 403-414.

Maume, Michael O.Yeoun Soo Kim-Godwin, and Caroline M. Clements. “Racial Tensions and School Crime.” Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 26, no. 3 (2010): 339-358.

Sociology and Criminology

Bachman, Ronet, Christina Lanier, et al. “Estimating the Magnitude of Rape and Sexual Assault Against American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) Women.” Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology 43, no. 2 (2010): 199-222.

Bachman, Ronet, Christina Lanier, et al. “Violence Against American Indian and Alaska Native Women and the Criminal Justice Response: What is Known.” U.S. Department of Justice, 2008.

Bolton, Kristin W.Michael O. Maume, Jana Jones Halls, and Stephanie D. Smith. “Multisectoral Approaches to Addressing Youth Violence.” Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment 27, no. 7 (2017): 760-767.

Buffington, Daniel. “”Blacks Are Naturally Good Athletes””: The Myth of a Biological Basis for Race.” In Getting Real About Race: Hoodies, Mascots, Model Minorities, and Other Conversations, edited by Stephanie M. McClure and Cherise A. Harris, 14-22. Sage Publications, 2017.

Buffington, Daniel. “Contesting Race on Sundays: Making Meaning out of the Rise in the Number of Black Quarterbacks.” Sociology of Sport Journal 21 (March 2005): 19-37.

Buffington, Daniel, and Todd Fraley. “Racetalk and Sport: The Color Consciousness of Contemporary Discourse on Basketball.” Sociological Inquiry 81, no. 3 (August 2011): 333-352.

Buffington, Daniel, and Todd Fraley. “Skill in Black and White: Negotiating Media Images of Race in a Sporting Context.” Journal of Communication Inquiry 32, no. 3 (July 2008): 292-310.

Day, Jacob C. “Climbing the Ladder or Getting Stuck: An Optimal Matching Analysis of Racial Differences in College Football Coaches’ Job-Level Career Patterns.” Research in Social Stratification and Mobility 53 (February 2018): 1-15.

Day, Jacob C. “The Labor Market Context of Social Capital: Race and Social Networks in the Occupational Internal Labor Market of College Football Coaches.” Sociation Today 9, no. 1 (Spring/Summer 2011).

Day, Jacob C. “Transitions to the Top: Race, Segregation, and Promotions to Executive Positions in the College Football Coaching Profession.” Work and Occupations 42, no. 4 (2015): 408-446.

Day, Jacob C. and Steve McDonald. “Not So Fast, My Friend: Social Capital and the Race Disparity in Promotions Among College Football Coaches. Sociological Spectrum 30, no. 2 (February 2010): 138-158.

DeVall, Kristen and Christina Lanier. “Housing Affordability in New Hanover County: A Community Survey.” Cape Fear Housing Coalition, August 2016.

DeVall, Kristen E. and Christina L. Lanier. “Successful Completion: An Examination of Factors Influencing Drug Court Completion for White and Non-White Male Participants.” Substance Use & Misuse 47 (July 2012): 1106-1116.

Donnelly, Denise A., Kimberly J. Cook, and Linda A. Wilson. “Provision and Exclusion: The Dual Face of Services to Battered Women in Three Deep South States. Violence Against Women 5, no. 7 (July 1999): 710-741.

Donnelly, Denise A., Kimberly J. Cook, et al. “White Privilege, Color Blindness, and Services to Battered Women.” Violence Against Women 11, no. 1 (January 2005): 6-37.

Fisher, Benjamin W., Ethan M. Higgins, and Emily M. Horner. “School Crime and Punishment and the Implementation of Security Cameras: Findings from a National Longitudinal Study.” Justice Quarterly (2019).

Fisher, Benjamin W., Ethan M. Higgins, et al. “Who Belongs in School? Examining the Link Between Black and White Racial Disparities in Sense of School Belonging and Suspension.” Journal of Community Psychology (2020): 1-19.

Hayes-Smith, Justin, and Rebecca Hayes-Smith. “Race, Racial Context, and Withholding Adjudication in Drug Cases: A Multilevel Examination of Juvenile Justice.” Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice 7, no. 3 (2009): 163-185.

Higgins, Ethan M., and Kristin Swartz. “The Descent of Nature: Constructing the ‘Other’ in Historical Newspapers.” Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Criminology 8, no. 2 (July/August 2016): 90-104.

Hossfeld, Leslie H., E. Brooke Kelly, and Julia F. Waity, eds. Food and Poverty: Food Insecurity and Food Sovereignty Among America’s Poor. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press, 2018.

Hossfeld, Leslie., Julia Waity, et al. “Food Sovereignty, Food Access, and the Local Food Movement in Southeastern North Carolina.” Humanity & Society 41, no. 4 (2017): 446-460.

Kim-Godwin, Yeoun SooMichael O. Maume, and Jane A. Fox. “Depression, Stress, and Intimate Partner Violence Among Latino Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers in Rural Southeastern North Carolina.” Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 16, no. 6 (December 2014): 1217-1224.

Lanier, Christina. “Structure, Culture, and Lethality: An Integrated Model Approach to American Indian Suicide and Homcide.” Homicide Studies 14, no. 1 (2010): 72-89.

Lanier, Christina, and Lin Huff-Corzine. “American Indian Homicide: A County-Level Analysis Utilizing Social Disorganization Theory.” Homicide Studies 10, no. 3 (August 2006): 181-194.

Lilley, David R., Kristen DeVall, and Kasey Tucker-Gail. “Drug Courts and Arrest for Substance Possession: Was the African American Community Differentially Impacted?” Crime & Delinquency 65, no. 3 (2019): 352-374.

Maume, Michael O., Reid C. Toth, and Jeffrey W. Spears. “Race in Context: The Impact of Structural Factors on Racial Differences in Juvenile Court Processing.” International Review of Modern Sociology 32, no. 1 (Spring 2006): 53-73.

Maume, Michael O.Yeoun Soo Kim-Godwin, and Caroline M. Clements. “Racial Tensions and School Crime.” Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice 26, no. 3 (2010): 339-358.

McDonald, Steve, and Jacob C. Day. “Race, Gender, and the Invisible Hand of Social Capital.” Sociology Compass 4, no. 7 (July 2010): 532-543.

Michaels, Erin. “Beyond Academic Achievement Outcomes: The Impact of School on the Immigrant Political Incorporation of Undocumented Latinx Youth.” Youth & Society (2020).

Michaels, Erin. “New Immigrant Destinations in Small-Town America: Mexican American Youth in Junior High.” Journal of Contemporary Ethnography 43, no. 6 (2014): 720-745.

Shihadeh, Edward S., and Michael O. Maume. “Segregation and Crime: The Relationship Between Black Centralization and Urban Black Homicide.” Homicide Studies 1, no. 3 (August 1997): 254-280.

Smith, Justin M. “Disparity in Context: Judges’ Perspectives on Disparities in a Sentencing Guideline System.” Journal of Qualitative Criminal Justice & Criminology 8, no. 2 (Winter 2020): 179-208.

Smith, Justin M. “The Formerly Incarcerated, Advocacy, Activism, and Community Reintegration.” Contemporary Justice Review (2020).

Smith, Justin M. “Interrogating Whiteness Within Criminology.” Sociology Compass 8, no. 2 (2014): 107-118.

Smith, Justin M. “Maintaining Racial Inequality Through Crime Control: Mass Incarceration and Residential Segregation.” Contemporary Justice Review 15, no. 4 (2012): 469-484.

Smith, Justin M. “Racial Impact Statements, Knowledge-Based Criminology, and Resisting Color Blindness.” Race and Justice 7, no. 4 (2016): 374-397.

Smith, Justin M. “Racial Threat and Crime Control: Integrating Theory on Race & Extending its Application.” Critical Criminology (2020).

Smith, Justin M. and Sven Smith. “Sentencing and the Iron Cage: Judges’ Experiences with Rationalization.” Journal of Crime and Justice 42, no. 3 (2019): 331-349.

Vanderminden, Jennifer, and Jennifer J. Esala. “Beyond Symptoms: Race and Gender Predict Anxiety Disorder Diagnosis.” Society and Mental Health 9, no. 1 (2019): 111-125.

Waity, Julia F.Amelia Huelskamp, and Jaime Russell. “Collaborating to Assess and Address Food Insecurity on a College Campus: A Case Study at a Mid-Sized, Regional University.” Innovative Higher Education (2020).

Watkins, Adam M., and Michael O. Maume. “Rethinking the Study of Juveniles’ Attitudes Toward the Police.” Criminal Justice Studies 25, no. 3 (2012): 279-300.

Westervelt, Saundra D., and Kimberly J. Cook. "Coping with Innocence after Death Row." Contexts 7, no. 4 (2008): 32-37.

Westervelt, Saundra D., and Kimberly J. Cook. “Framing Innocents: The Wrongly Convicted as Victims of State Harm.” Crime, Law, and Social Change 53, no. 3 (April 2010): 259-275.

Westervelt, Saundra D., and Kimberly J. CookLife After Death Row: Exonerees’ Search for Community and Identity. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 2012.

World Languages and Cultures

Anya, Uju, and L.J. Randolph, Jr. “Diversifying Language Educators and Learners.” The Language Educator 14, no. 4 (2019): 23-27.

Harris, Emmanuel II. “A Message to My Daughter: Of Trayvon Martin and Young Black Men.” In The Trayvon Martin in US: An American Tragedy, edited by Emmanuel Harris II and Antonio D. Tillis, 73-82. New York: Peter Lang, 2015.

Harris, Emmanuel II and Antonio D. Tillis, eds. The Trayvon Martin in US: An American Tragedy. New York: Peter Lang, 2015.

Randolph, Linwood J., Jr., and Stacey Margarita Johnson. “Social Justice in the Language Classroom: A Call to Action.” Dimension (2017): 9-31.